Simulators help in the training and exercises of the army and other services

Vir­tu­al games with the orga­ni­za­tion of block­ades and chas­es is one of the forms of staff train­ing for com­man­ders and tac­ti­cal exer­cis­es that enable an inter­ac­tive envi­ron­ment devel­oped at the Mil­i­tary Uni­ver­si­ty of Tech­nol­o­gy. Sol­diers and bor­der guards have sim­u­la­tors and a mobile appli­ca­tion with the AR mech­a­nism at their dis­pos­al.

The sys­tem has been imple­ment­ed at the Bor­der Guard Train­ing Cen­ter in Kętrzyn and at the Cyber­net­ics Depart­ment of the Mil­i­tary Uni­ver­si­ty of Tech­nol­o­gy.

The inter­ac­tive envi­ron­ment con­sists of two sim­u­la­tion mod­ules. The staff sim­u­la­tor for the train­ing of man­agers and com­man­ders uses tools sup­port­ing work at the posi­tion of duty ser­vice with a mod­el of the area of ​​north-east­ern Poland. The high-res­o­lu­tion (vir­tu­al) sim­u­la­tor is to sup­port the exer­cis­es of the peo­ple man­ag­ing the activ­i­ties. It allows to visu­al­ize the game episodes — with pre­pared bor­der areas, road and tech­ni­cal infra­struc­ture, road and rail­way cross­ing, and an air­port locat­ed near the town of Goł­dap.

“The mobile appli­ca­tion for army or oth­er ser­vices offers auto­mat­ic con­struc­tion of sit­u­a­tion­al aware­ness and visu­al­iza­tion mech­a­nisms of the cur­rent action plan. The appli­ca­tion pro­vides the abil­i­ty to plan and super­vise the imple­ment­ed activ­i­ties. It auto­mates tac­ti­cal and topo­graph­ic ori­en­ta­tion through AR View aug­ment­ed real­i­ty mech­a­nisms ”- Col. Mar­iusz Chmielews­ki, deputy direc­tor of the Nation­al Cyber­space Secu­ri­ty Cen­ter, research and teach­ing assis­tant at the Fac­ul­ty of Cyber­net­ics of the Mil­i­tary Uni­ver­si­ty of Tech­nol­o­gy.

The already imple­ment­ed solu­tions are used to train both indi­vid­ual sol­diers or ser­vice offi­cers, as well as task teams, patrols, squads and pla­toons. The sim­u­la­tor helps to ver­i­fy the accu­ra­cy and cor­rect­ness of the deci­sions made and the knowl­edge of the rules and pro­ce­dures of con­duct dur­ing the imple­men­ta­tion of select­ed high-res­o­lu­tion activ­i­ties. The sys­tem along with the devel­oped method­ol­o­gy for con­duct­ing sim­u­la­tion exer­cis­es sup­ple­ment the train­ing pro­gram of troops and Bor­der Guard offi­cers and take into account the didac­tic process­es of the improve­ment cours­es.

Karoli­na Duszczyk
fot. Mar­iusz Chmielews­ki
trans­la­tion: Anna Pęzioł

 

Success of a WAT student in the winning team of the FinTech Challenge competition

Maciej Para­pu­ra, a 4th year com­put­er sci­ence stu­dent at the Fac­ul­ty of Cyber­net­ics of the Mil­i­tary Uni­ver­si­ty of Tech­nol­o­gy, par­tic­i­pat­ed in the Fin­Tech Chal­lenge as a mem­ber of the Drag­ons team. The com­pe­ti­tion task was to cre­ate two finan­cial appli­ca­tions. The play­ers had to demon­strate their skills in four areas: Fron­tend, Back­end, Qual­i­ty Assur­ance and IT Analy­sis. The Drag­ons team suc­cess­ful­ly coped with this chal­lenge, tak­ing first place in the com­pe­ti­tion.

A stu­dent of Mil­i­tary Uni­ver­si­ty of Tech­nol­o­gy, who will defend his engi­neer­ing the­sis in a few days, thanks to his skills, addi­tion­al­ly received a job offer as a Junior Soft­ware Engi­neer — Back­end at HL Tech Sp. z o.o. — a mod­ern tech­no­log­i­cal cen­ter that cre­ates and sup­plies soft­ware for the lead­ing British com­pa­ny Har­g­reaves Lans­down.

Maciej Para­pu­ra empha­sizes that the com­pe­ti­tion was an oppor­tu­ni­ty for him to acquire new skills and sig­nif­i­cant­ly accel­er­ate his pro­fes­sion­al career. “Even if my team did not man­age to take a place on the podi­um, after the train­ing ses­sions as part of the com­pe­ti­tion, we knew that the time spent was not wast­ed and this expe­ri­ence will open the way for fur­ther devel­op­ment. All par­tic­i­pants pre­sent­ed a very high lev­el and can be proud of the work done. I con­sid­er the com­pe­ti­tion to be one of the bet­ter stages of my life and I will fond­ly remem­ber the coop­er­a­tion in the team and the peo­ple I had the oppor­tu­ni­ty to meet dur­ing this two-month peri­od of strug­gle “- says a stu­dent of Mil­i­tary Uni­ver­si­ty of Tech­nol­o­gy. He adds that the knowl­edge gained dur­ing his stud­ies at the Mil­i­tary Uni­ver­si­ty of Tech­nol­o­gy, both the­o­ret­i­cal and prac­ti­cal, allowed him to take his first steps in the field of IT and lay the foun­da­tions for fur­ther devel­op­ment in the field of pro­gram­ming. “Before start­ing my stud­ies, I had lit­tle con­tact with pro­gram­ming, it was only dur­ing my stud­ies at the Mil­i­tary Uni­ver­si­ty of Tech­nol­o­gy in the field of com­put­er sci­ence that I became more and more con­vinced that this is what I want to do,” says Maciej Para­pu­ra.

Trams communicating with light

A col­li­sion of two trams can be warned, in advanced, by road lamps with mod­u­la­tion mount­ed from the vehi­cle of one vehi­cle and a cam­era read­ing these con­nec­tors on the oth­er, oncom­ing tram. Tech­nolo­gies used in avi­a­tion have been used in pub­lic trans­port by sci­en­tists from the Mil­i­tary Uni­ver­si­ty of Tech­nol­o­gy.

The anti-col­li­sion sys­tem is equipped with: light mod­u­lat­ing lamps (road and posi­tion), cam­eras for dis­tance mea­sure­ment and tag read­ers on the route. Its cen­tral unit ana­lyzes the data and com­mu­ni­cates the dan­gers to the dri­ver.

Researchers from the Fac­ul­ty of Mecha­tron­ics, Arma­ments and Avi­a­tion of the Mil­i­tary Uni­ver­si­ty of Tech­nol­o­gy were work­ing on an inno­v­a­tive sys­tem using vis­i­ble light as an infor­ma­tion car­ri­er. The indus­tri­al part­ner was Newag Inte­co S.A., which mod­ern­ized rail vehi­cles, includ­ing for the city of Łódź. The sys­tem was test­ed on one of the tram lines in Łódź. The devices do not inter­fere with the con­struc­tion of the wag­on and no approval is need­ed to be mount­ed in it. The pro­to­type is ready for imple­men­ta­tion.

Com­mon­ly used anti-col­li­sion sys­tems use radio com­mu­ni­ca­tion between trams. How­ev­er, radio com­mu­ni­ca­tion and GPS posi­tion­ing fail in nar­row streets, sur­round­ed by tall build­ings or on tracks placed under the road, e.g. in tun­nels. The use of high beam for com­mu­ni­ca­tion large­ly solves these prob­lems.

Such a sys­tem is need­ed by cities — own­ers of com­mu­nal trans­port com­pa­nies. In trams run­ning around Pol­ish cities, there is no anti-col­li­sion sys­tem capa­ble of work­ing autonomous­ly, while com­mu­ni­cat­ing with oth­er vehi­cles or mark­ers along the route. The work on the col­li­sion warn­ing expert sys­tem was financed by the Nation­al Cen­ter for Research and Devel­op­ment.

 

Karoli­na Duszczyk
fot. Krzysztof Falkows­ki

trans­la­tion Anna Pęzioł

 

 

The sight of soldiers, pilots and train drivers is protected from lasers

Gog­gles and glass­es, pro­tect­ing the eyes of sol­diers, pilots and train dri­vers from being daz­zled by lasers, have been devel­oped by sci­en­tists from the Mil­i­tary Uni­ver­si­ty of Tech­nol­o­gy — the Fac­ul­ty of New Tech­nolo­gies and Chem­istry and the Insti­tute of Opto­elec­tron­ics.

Direct eye pro­tec­tion mea­sures include visors and periscopes to pre­vent the destruc­tion or inca­pac­i­ta­tion of advanced opto­elec­tron­ic equip­ment.

Intense radi­a­tion often sig­nif­i­cant­ly exceeds the lev­el safe for human eye­sight. Par­tic­i­pants of com­bat oper­a­tions can be daz­zled by lasers mea­sur­ing dis­tance or point­ing at tar­gets, flares of explo­sions, as well as spe­cial­ly designed laser blind­ers and blind­ing grenades. Not only sol­diers’ eyes are exposed to dam­age, but also opto­elec­tron­ic equip­ment.

Safe­ty glass­es, gog­gles, sight glass­es, and oth­er inno­v­a­tive auto­mat­ic devices equipped with light detec­tors and liq­uid crys­tal light valves will solve many of these prob­lems. A set of such eye pro­tec­tion sys­tems and equip­ment was designed and made by the team of dr. hab. Wik­tor Piecek, prof. WAT, in con­sor­tium with MASKPOL S.A. The research was financed by the Nation­al Cen­ter for Research and Devel­op­ment.

Prof. Piecek points out that the glass­es, gog­gles and oth­er ele­ments of the devel­oped sys­tems do not lim­it the qual­i­ty of obser­va­tion of the bat­tle­field or the oper­a­tion of the equip­ment for sol­diers. Lab­o­ra­to­ry tests have con­firmed that the equip­ment is effec­tive in pro­tect­ing sol­diers’ eye­sight and equip­ment from being over­whelmed or destroyed. The impor­tant fact is, that the equip­ment is even a bar­ri­er to the infrared and ultra­vi­o­let from a nuclear explo­sion.

The demon­stra­tors are based on domes­tic tech­nolo­gies. Inno­v­a­tive, main­ly domes­tic mate­ri­als as well as tech­nolo­gies and liq­uid crys­tal struc­tures devel­oped at the Mil­i­tary Uni­ver­si­ty of Tech­nol­o­gy were used in this inven­tion.

Due to their appli­ca­tion poten­tial, demon­stra­tors are very like­ly to be com­mer­cial­ized. Eye pro­tec­tion and equip­ment are intend­ed for all types of the Pol­ish Armed Forces, with par­tic­u­lar empha­sis on the TYTAN com­bat sys­tem.

Karoli­na Duszczyk
pho­tog­ra­ph­er Wik­tor Piecek
trans­la­tion Anna Pęzioł

Diploma theses of graduates of the Military University of Technology among the best in the competition of the Ministry of National Defense — Space and Autonomy

The grad­u­ates of the Mil­i­tary Uni­ver­si­ty of Tech­nol­o­gy have become lau­re­ates of the com­pe­ti­tion of the Min­is­ter of Nation­al Defense for the best engi­neer­ing, mas­ter’s the­sis and doc­tor­al dis­ser­ta­tion in the field of tech­nol­o­gy, tech­niques and space and satel­lite engi­neer­ing and autonomous sys­tems.

In accor­dance with the com­pe­ti­tion require­ments, the award­ed diplo­mas have the poten­tial to be used in the field of state defense or secu­ri­ty.

 

In the cat­e­go­ry for the best engi­neer­ing and mas­ter’s the­sis in the field of tech­nol­o­gy, tech­niques and engi­neer­ing of autonomous sys­tems, the first ex aequo prize was award­ed to:

  • Kinga Reda, a grad­u­ate of the Fac­ul­ty of Civ­il Engi­neer­ing and Geo­desy of the Mil­i­tary Uni­ver­si­ty of Tech­nol­o­gy, author of the the­sis enti­tled “Dig­i­tal Mask­ing of Satel­lite Imagery” writ­ten under the direc­tion of Col. prof. dr. hab. Eng. Michał Kędzier­s­ki;
  • Rafał Szczepanik, a grad­u­ate of the Fac­ul­ty of Elec­tron­ics of the Mil­i­tary Uni­ver­si­ty of Tech­nol­o­gy, author of the mas­ter’s the­sis enti­tled “Inte­gra­tion of the GPS receiv­er and dig­i­tal map with the Doppler sys­tem for the loca­tion of radio emit­ters”, writ­ten under the direc­tion of Lt. dr. hab. Eng. Jan Wan­er.

 

In the cat­e­go­ry for the best engi­neer­ing and mas­ter’s the­sis in the field of tech­nol­o­gy, tech­niques and space and satel­lite engi­neer­ing, the third prize was award­ed to:

-   Eng. Mar­ty­na Wardz­ińs­ka for the engi­neer­ing the­sis: “Project of a com­pact reflect­ing tele­scope”, the pro­mot­er of which is Lt. Col. Dr. Eng. Jacek Woj­tanows­ki. The lau­re­ate grad­u­at­ed from the first degree stud­ies in space and satel­lite engi­neer­ing at the Insti­tute of Opto­elec­tron­ics of the Mil­i­tary Uni­ver­si­ty of Tech­nol­o­gy, where she is con­tin­u­ing her mas­ter’s stud­ies.

The Com­pe­ti­tion Jury took into account the poten­tial of apply­ing the work in the field of nation­al defense or secu­ri­ty, its inno­va­tion and sub­stan­tive val­ue, as well as the orig­i­nal­i­ty of the approach to the prob­lem and own con­tri­bu­tion. The Jury also assessed whether the the­sis con­tributed to the devel­op­ment of sci­ence in the stud­ied field.

 

Ewa Jankiewicz
Tłum. Anna Pęzioł

Optical fibers need new security in the age of quantum computers

The entan­gled state gen­er­a­tor, which is being devel­oped at the Mil­i­tary Uni­ver­si­ty of Tech­nol­o­gy, is a Pol­ish con­tri­bu­tion to the work on a new, safe quan­tum com­mu­ni­ca­tion based on the phe­nom­e­non of pho­ton entan­gle­ment.

It will not be pos­si­ble to “eaves­drop” the infor­ma­tion trav­el­ing along the fiber optic cable with­out an imme­di­ate “set­back”.

Opti­cal fibers need new secu­ri­ty in the age of quan­tum com­put­ers.

The sci­en­tists are already work­ing on future forms of fast and secure data trans­fer.

Opto­elec­tron­ics and chemists from the Mil­i­tary Uni­ver­si­ty of Tech­nol­o­gy intend to secure the data flow in opti­cal fibers by build­ing a “entan­gled state gen­er­a­tor” and “nation­al quan­tum code key exchange mech­a­nism”. Quan­tum com­mu­ni­ca­tion will use light quan­ta that have a very spe­cial prop­er­ty — the state of entan­gle­ment. Entan­gle­ment caus­es each pair of pho­tons to behave iden­ti­cal­ly, regard­less of the dis­tance between them.

The secu­ri­ty of such trans­mis­sion, quan­tum com­mu­ni­ca­tion, is based on the fun­da­men­tal laws of physics.

It will be pos­si­ble to detect an attack on a telecom­mu­ni­ca­tions chan­nel with sim­ple opti­cal oper­a­tions.

This break­through tech­nolo­gies will allow to secure data exchange in opti­cal fibers, as well as stan­dard com­mu­ni­ca­tion that will be encrypt­ed with a quan­tum key. The one-time code will be a set of unique and ran­dom sequences of char­ac­ters.

 

Karoli­na Duszczyk
fot. Marek Życzkows­ki

Tłum. Anna Pęzioł

The Advanced Firearms Training System Vistula at the Military University of Technology

The mul­ti­me­dia shoot­ing range at the Mil­i­tary Uni­ver­si­ty of Tech­nol­o­gy is very pop­u­lar among stu­dents. Equipped with vibra­tion vests, a shoot­ing pro­gram and a mixed real­i­ty mod­ule, it is used to con­duct prac­ti­cal exer­cis­es in the fields of study of the Fac­ul­ty of Secu­ri­ty, Logis­tics and Man­age­ment.

The Vis­tu­la laser train­ing sys­tem is a Pol­ish, real­is­tic laser sim­u­la­tor that allows to orga­nize shoot­ing train­ing in a safe and eco­nom­i­cal way. The Advanced Firearms Train­ing Sys­tem Vis­tu­la at Mil­i­tary Uni­ver­si­ty of Tech­nol­o­gy is an unique ver­sion of shoot­ing train­ing sys­tem using a repli­cas of firearms and the most mod­ern com­bi­na­tion of com­put­er tech­nol­o­gy and laser sys­tems.

The mod­ule allows to train in var­i­ous weath­er con­di­tions, at dif­fer­ent times of the day and with the use of all shoot­ing posi­tions: stand­ing, kneel­ing and lying down.

The sys­tem is also used as part of the class­es inau­gu­rat­ing the Legia Aka­demic­ka pro­gram, var­i­ous types of open class­es, e.g. for sec­ondary schools coop­er­at­ing with the MUT, or dur­ing the open day of the Mil­i­tary Uni­ver­si­ty of Tech­nol­o­gy.

The sys­tem repro­duces the authen­tic nat­ur­al and sit­u­a­tion­al con­di­tions. The sound sys­tem emits bat­tle­field sounds, e.g. the roar of shots or the sound of falling shells.

Sce­nar­ios for the orga­ni­za­tion of class­es can there­fore take the form of var­i­ous shoot­ing com­pe­ti­tions, thus using team­work and intro­duc­ing ele­ments of com­pe­ti­tion.

Ewa Jankiewicz
trans­la­tion: Anna Pęzioł
pho­tog­ra­ph­er: Sebas­t­ian Jurek

Military University of Technology among the best of the European Ranking of Engineering Studies

 

In the Euro­pean Rank­ing of Engi­neer­ing Stud­ies Engi­Rank, the Mil­i­tary Uni­ver­si­ty of Tech­nol­o­gy was ranked in the 8th place in the group of 81 best tech­ni­cal uni­ver­si­ties.

The rank­ing con­sists of two parts: gen­er­al (insti­tu­tion­al) and the­mat­ic (by sub­ject).

The Mil­i­tary Uni­ver­si­ty of Tech­nol­o­gy is in 8th posi­tion in gen­er­al with an over­all result of 82.09.

Simul­ta­ne­ous­ly with the main rank­ing, 7 rank­ings in the dis­ci­plines includ­ed in the “Engi­neer­ing & Tech­nol­o­gy” area were pre­pared. The Mil­i­tary Uni­ver­si­ty of Tech­nol­o­gy is among the top 49 uni­ver­si­ties in the field of elec­tri­cal, elec­tron­ic and IT stud­ies (Elec­tri­cal, Elec­tron­ic & Infor­ma­tion Engi­neer­ing) with a score of 94.02 and took 4th place.

 

Ewa Jankiewicz

trans­la­tion: Anna Pęzioł

 

Infrared sensors — a specialty of the Military University of Technology and VIGO System

Pol­ish infrared detec­tors do not require cryo­genic cool­ing, in con­trast to the tech­nolo­gies devel­oped in the world today. These solu­tions are eco­nom­i­cal and easy to use. This is the rea­son why the tech­nol­o­gy flew into space mount­ed on the Curios­i­ty Mars Rover. It is used in high-speed rail­ways, in non-inva­sive blood tests, in the con­trol of indus­tri­al con­t­a­m­i­na­tion, fuel qual­i­ty, air and water puri­ty.

The world leader in the pro­duc­tion of uncooled, pho­ton infrared detec­tors is the VIGO Sys­tem com­pa­ny, which lab­o­ra­to­ries joint­ly with the Mil­i­tary Uni­ver­si­ty of Tech­nol­o­gy. In their niche, these detec­tors have no com­pe­ti­tion — they are the most sen­si­tive and oper­ate the fastest.

Infrared detec­tors are sen­sors that detect “ther­mal traces” of the small­est par­ti­cles. Minia­ture pho­ton detec­tors are the size of one pix­el. Such a high res­o­lu­tion allows to detect tem­per­a­ture nuances between healthy and can­cer cells. Microsen­sors also help to test the con­cen­tra­tion of glu­cose in the blood or mark­ers of dis­ease in the exhaled air.

The cre­ation of the com­pa­ny VIGO Sys­tem was the best way to mar­ket activ­i­ties and com­mer­cial­ize research of the infrared sen­sors.

Karoli­na Duszczyk
trans­la­tion: Anna Pęzioł
pho­to: VIGO

Landscapes painted with an electric field

The col­ors on the liq­uid crys­tal dis­play (LCD) can be con­trolled elec­tri­cal­ly, with­out the use of com­plex col­or fil­ters, argue the chemists and physi­cists of the Mil­i­tary Uni­ver­si­ty of Tech­nol­o­gy. It is the only cen­ter in Poland where a spe­cif­ic elec­tro-opti­cal effect is inves­ti­gat­ed. In the future, it may be used in ener­gy-sav­ing TVs or smart win­dows.

On the glass of the smart win­dow, you can dis­play the lagoon or change its col­or to save ener­gy. Such win­dows, as well as LCD with even bet­ter col­ors, obtained in a tech­no­log­i­cal­ly sim­pler way — these are dis­tant, but pos­si­ble appli­ca­tions of the so-called cho­les­ter­ics with an oblique helix.

“The effect of con­trol­ling an oblique heli­coidal struc­ture using an elec­tric field” is inves­ti­gat­ed by Dr. Eng. Mateusz Mrukiewicz. The sci­en­tist brought this knowl­edge from Kent State Uni­ver­si­ty in Ohio and — as the only spe­cial­ist in this field of research in Poland — he devel­ops it at the Fac­ul­ty of New Tech­nolo­gies and Chem­istry of the Mil­i­tary Uni­ver­si­ty of Tech­nol­o­gy.

 “Until ten years ago, mate­r­i­al reflect­ed only light of a giv­en wave­length — that is, only green light, for exam­ple. And if we want­ed red light, we had to heat the mate­r­i­al or chem­i­cal­ly mod­i­fy it. We could­n’t do it imme­di­ate­ly. There were sim­ply no mate­ri­als that would allow to obtain col­ors from ultra­vi­o­let to infrared in a very sim­ple way”- explains Dr. Mateusz Mrukiewicz. Around 2010, a new class of liq­uid crys­tal mate­ri­als with a bend shape — resem­bling bananas — was cre­at­ed. The mix­tures of these mol­e­cules result­ed in a spring struc­ture, pro­fes­sion­al­ly known as an oblique helix. Pre­vi­ous­ly, this spring could not be con­trolled. Today sci­en­tists are able to push and stretch it. By chang­ing the elec­tric field applied to such a mate­r­i­al, it is pos­si­ble to con­trol the col­or of the reflect­ed light In the mate­ri­als pro­duced at the Mil­i­tary Uni­ver­si­ty of Tech­nol­o­gy, researchers con­trol the reflec­tion of light using an elec­tric field. In this way, they obtain a very wide range — from UV radi­a­tion to infrared. New mate­ri­als must switch to dif­fer­ent col­ors as quick­ly as pos­si­ble. For now, this time is too long and strong­ly depends on the tem­per­a­ture. Dr. Mrukiewicz decreased the phase tran­si­tion tem­per­a­ture in the liq­uid crys­tal and select­ed the com­po­si­tion of the mix­ture so that this effect could be obtained at room tem­per­a­ture. Sci­en­tists are on track to over­come this bar­ri­er and sig­nif­i­cant­ly reduce the response time of such a medi­um.

Karoli­na Duszczyk
fot. Mateusz Mrukiewicz

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